Draft Standards For Public Comments

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Technical Committee: TC 1 - Quality Management and Quality AssuranceDraft title: Risk Management Stage: 04.00
Reference Standard: ISO 31000: 2018ICS classification: 03.100.01Last updated: 2021-01-14 14:09:51






This Eswatini Standards Authority (SWASA) document is an Eswatini National [Final Draft] Standard and is copyright-protected by SWASA. Neither this SWASA document nor any extract from it may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior written permission being secured.


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Table of Changes


Change No.








Eswatini Standards Authority (SWASA) was established under the Standards and Quality Act, 2003. The established Objectives and Goals of SWASA are:



ï‚•    In an appropriate and timely manner draft, develop, amend and maintain Eswatini National Standards

ï‚•    To adopt and, if considered necessary, adapt International or Regional Standards which are relevant to the needs of Eswatini according to accepted international practices in preference to developing purely Eswatini National Standards.


ï‚•  To facilitate the use of Standards in industry through wide stakeholder involvement in the SWASA Technical Committees thus ensuring overall acceptance of the standard.


Certain of the operational characteristics of SWASA are determined by the Standards and Quality Act, 2003. Additionally, as a member of the Southern African Development Community (SADC). Eswatini is committed to comply with the requirements of the SADC Protocol on Trade - Annex IX - Concerning Technical Barriers to Trade of Article 8 Preparation and Application of Standard is of particular relevance to the standards development activities of SWASA , which specifies that:

  1. Member States shall ensure that national standards are based to the greatest extent possible on the relevant international or regional standards, and that national deviations are the result of demonstrable and scientifically proven national specificities.
  2. Member States shall ensure that National Standards Bodies (and any other national institutions developing standards) meet the relevant provisions of the WTO TBT Agreement, and in particular develop and publish national standards in accordance with Annex 3: Standard of Good Practice for the Preparation, Adoption and Application of Standards of the WTO TBT Agreement.
  3. Member states shall ensure that once a SADC harmonized text for a standard has been developed and approved in accordance with the agreed SADCSTAN procedures, this text is adopted as a national standard and that any conflicting national standards are withdrawn.


The Council of SWASA is the body responsible for the approval of Eswatini National Standards (SZNS). This Standard is the responsibility of the Council of SWASA – as detailed in Clause 16 (1) of the Act and Standards and Quality Act. The Standard details the processes by which National Standards and other normative documents are to be developed and the process by which these are recognised and approved as Eswatini National Standards (SZNS). This code of practice provides the basis for the approval of National Standards: the CEO (guided by the SAC) approves a standard presented by a duly formed technical committees and based on the fact that due process, as detailed in this code, was followed by the TC; and no objections were received during public enquiry; recommends to council to formally gazette the approved standards. The committee approves the technical content of the standard based on the fact that consensus of all significant parties was reached parties and all comments made by other parties were considered and adequately addressed.  


The development of this Standard follows the same standards development processes as outlined in this Standard and the Council of SWASA shall act as the technical committee responsible for its maintenance.

This standard does not include discussion or mechanism of declaring standards compulsory covered under clause 17 of the Standard and Quality Act.





This document has been developed to ensure that SWASA standards development procedures are in line with the principles defined in Annex 3 of the WTO/TBT Agreement (“Code of good practice for the preparation, adoption and application of Standards”), itself based upon the latest version of ISO/IEC Guide 59 (E) Code of good practice for standardization. The TBT “Code of good practice” establishes a framework for the process that needs to be followed in accordance with these rules and forms the basis of approval of documents as national standards.


Standardisation is a consultative process engaging a wide spectrum of stakeholders. As the primary forum for obtaining and reviewing opinion on standards projects is via the medium of committee meetings, it is therefore essential that Technical Committees and Subcommittees are composed of stakeholders covering all principle areas of concern in the standard of interest.


Under the Standards and Quality act of the Kingdom of Eswatini (Act 3 of 2010), the Eswatini Standards Authority (SWASA) is to “prepare, frame, modify or amend standards” and the Council of SWASA shall provide guidelines according to which the Authority is to do this. In order to ensure transparency of the approval process, this standard forms the basis to which SWASA should operate to demonstrate that due process has been followed in the drafting, adopting and approving of standards and other normative documents as Eswatini National Standards (SZNS). The standard provides the council of SWASA with the basis with which to assess the competence of the organisation to develop standards and specifies due processes that should be followed in approving national standards.


This Standard contains normative provisions related to the preparation and approval of SZNS deliverables. Demonstration of conformity to these requirements is required. These clauses are marked as (normative) in the document. Additional information is provided as background or recommendations, these provisions are marked as (Informative) and conformity to these provisions is not required.



Table of Contents


[Title] i

Published by: Eswatini Standards Authority. i

Marble Construction building, Plot 247, 11th Street King Mswati III Avenue West i

P. O. Box 1399, Matsapha, Kingdom of Eswatini i

Telephone: +268 2518 4633, Facsimile: +268 2518 4526. i

Website: www.swasa.co.sz. i

E-mail: info@swasa.co.sz. i

©Eswatini Standards Authority 2019. i

1                     Scope. 1

2                     Normative references. 1

3                     Terms, definitions and abbreviations. 1

3.1                  Terms and definitions. 1

4                     [Clause title] 2

5                     [Clause title] 3

6                     [Clause title] 3

Annex A   4

Annex B   5



The development of Eswatini National Standards and other normative documents

1        Scope


2        Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. Information on currently valid national and international standards can be obtained from Eswatini Standards Authority.

  • [ISO/IEC XXXX: 20XX - xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx]
  • ISO/IEC XXX: 20XX - xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx]


3        Terms, definitions and abbreviations

3.1       Terms and definitions

[List the terms and definitions or reference them]

[The terms and definitions used in this document are defined in Annex A].

3.2       Abbreviations

The following abbreviations used in this document:

3.2.1    [XX]                - [xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx]

3.2.2    [XXX]              - [xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx]


4         [Clause title]

[Type text]

4.1       [Sub clause title]

[Type text]

4.2       [Sub clause title]

[Type text]



5        [Clause title]

[Type text]

5.1       [sub clause title]

[Type text]

6        [Clause title]

6.1       [sub clause title]

[Type text]

6.2.1. [xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx]

        1. [xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx]
        2. [xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx]




Annex A




Annex B





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